The National Academies of 13 countries told the leaders of the biggest polluting countries that immediate large-scale mitigation action is required, and CO2 emissions need to be cut by 50%.
The transition to a low carbon society requires: setting standards; designing economic instruments and promoting energy efficiency across all sectors; encouraging changes in individual behaviour; strengthening technology transfer to enable leapfrogging to cleaner and more efficient technologies; and investing strongly in carbon-removing technologies and low-carbon energy resources: nuclear power, solar energy, hydroelectricity and other renewable energy sources.
The 13 countries urging immediate action to cut global emissions in half are:
- South Africa
- United Kingdom
- United States